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<= span style=3D'font-family:"Lucida Sans Unicode"'>            &n= bsp;            = ;            = SEMINAR: TRANSGENDER LAW

Wed. 10:15-12:15


Mr. D= ean Spade, Esq.     &n= bsp;            = ;            &n= bsp;            Janet Halley

Telep= hone: 212.420.8748     &= nbsp;           &nbs= p;            &= nbsp;     Hauser 424

Office Hours: Wed. 12:15-1:45   &nb= sp;            =             <= /span>Telephone 617 496 0182

E-Mai= l: dean@srlp.org= =         &= nbsp;           &nbs= p;            &= nbsp;        Office Hours: TBA

            &n= bsp;            = ;            &n= bsp;            = ;            &n= bsp;            = ;  Email: jhalley@law.harvard.edu=

Assistant to Dean Spade and Janet Halley for this course:

Terry Cyr, Hauser 406, tcyr@law.harvard.edu


            &n= bsp;            = ;             <= /span>SEMINAR SYLLABUS




This seminar explores aspects o= f the legal regulation of gender identity and expression.  The seminar will pursue two main goals.  The first goal is to r= ead and discuss the formal “black letter” law found in judicial decisions, statutes, and administrative rules. The second goal is to introd= uce and discuss concepts from a variety of disciplines that can be used be understand and interrogate the deeper ideological and political determinant= s of the legal materials we are reading. Among the questions on which we will fo= cus throughout the semester are these:  How have sexuality and gender been defined, posed and addressed as a problem in and for the U.S. legal system?  What role do va= rious conceptions of gender play in framing the terms, the argumentative strategi= es and resolution of legal disputes?  What shaping functions does the construction of sexuality and gender= in U.S. la= w exert in and on the broader national conversation about gender and social norms?<= span style=3D'mso-spacerun:yes'>  What role do legal advocacy and ju= risprudence have in shaping a “liberatory” gender politics?  What are the limits of legal reform strategies in the quest sexual and gender “liberation”?


Topics to be discussed include = the scope and limits of “privacy” as an organizing principle in U.S. sex law; legal efforts to define and distinguish sex, gender and sexuality, sexual acts, gender identities and expressions, and sexual identities ("homosexuality," "heterosexuality," and "bisexuality"); sex, gender, and the criminal justice system; gen= der, sexuality, surveillance and citizenship; law, gender, sexuality and violenc= e; gender identity, sexuality and the legal construction of the body.




Requirements<= /b>


      The readin= gs for this semester will be available in the course reader or through internet li= nks provided to students.  Student= s are expected to read all the assigned material in advance of each seminar sessi= on, attend every seminar meeting, and participate actively in seminar discussio= n. In addition to 1-2 page critical responses to the weekly readings, students will write and, toward the end of the semester, present a 20-25 page seminar paper in the on a topic to be chosen in consultation with Mr. Spade.  The seminar paper is a research-ba= sed project, which should demonstrate a mastery of the relevant legal and scholarly literatures on your chosen topic.  Seminar paper topics must be developed by the students and approved = by the instructor no later than March 15.&nbs= p; The weekly response papers must be circulated to Mr. Spade and your classmates by email before 1pm on the Tuesday before class.   The weekly response papers account = for 20% of the final grade, and the seminar paper accounts for the remaining 80= %.


Required Readings

          Students should purchase one book, That’s Revolting: Queer Strategies for Resisting Assimilation (ed. Mattilda Sycamore), at the Law Coop, and pi= ck up the course reader at the Copy Center.<= /span>


Reading Questions

          When engaging the readings, assigned each week, whether cases, articles, policie= s or personal narratives, in addition to your other inquiries it will assist you= in preparing for class discussion if you consider the following questions:

Ø      How does the writer understand gender?

Ø      How does the writer define or explain gender variance or trans identities?=

Ø      What does the writer think should be done about the concerns ze is identifying, = both immediately and more broadly?  What should the world look like for this writer?





February 1:           Examining Categories, Identifying Gendered Subjects

      = ;    Before we can begin to investigate arguments about the law’s regulation or liberation of gender identity and gender expression, let’s examine so= me different theoretical perspectives on sex, gender, and sexuality.  These will provide a backdrop for discussing how the courts, legislatures, and critical thinkers we hear from later understand sexuality and gender in order to support their positions.<= o:p>

      = ;            &n= bsp;         

      = ;    Course Reader:

Eskridge and Hunter, Pages 537-= 634 (please be sure to read D’Emilio, MacKinnon, Rubin, Crewnshaw, material about Foucault, Butler, and Sedgwick especially closely)

            &n= bsp;            = ;     

NOTE: The packet of readings for the first class will be available from Terry Cyr in Hauser 406= .


February 8: Intersectionality a= nd Strategy

          In addition to examining how sexuality and gender are understood by advocates, activists, courts, and policy makers, we will also be reading legal and soc= ial movement texts with an eye to how people engaged in movements for legal rig= hts or liberation strategize.  We = will be asking critical questions about how the legal rights strategies we explo= re prioritize various issues and populations and marginalize others, and how discussions about the limits of legal reform and other “incremental” strategies emerge.  These readings provide a backdrop = for those discussions, which will be central to our inquiry in every subsequent class session.

            &n= bsp;

            &n= bsp; Course Reader:

                  &= nbsp; Kimberle Crenshaw “Mapping the Margins” (excerpted in last week’s reading, review for this week)

                  &= nbsp; Chela Sandoval, “U.S. = Third World Feminism: Differential Social Movement I” from Methodology of the Oppressed

                  &= nbsp; Roderick A. Ferguson, Aberrations in Black: Toward a Queer of Color Critique, Pages 1-29


            &n= bsp;      Optional Reading=

            &n= bsp;              &= nbsp; Angela Y. Davis, Are Prisons Obsolete? Introduction: Prison Reform or Prison Abolition? P. 1-20



February 15: Beyond Pink and Blue:  Breaking the Rules of B= inary Gender


            &n= bsp;           Syc= amore: Pages 177-186


            &n= bsp;           Cou= rse Reader:

            &n= bsp;            = ;             <= /span>Lucas Rosa v. Park West Bank & Tru= st Co., 214 F.3d 213 (2000)

            &n= bsp;            = ;             <= /span>Mary Dunlap, “The Constitutional Rights of Sexual Minorities: A Crisis of = the Male/Female Dichotomy,” 30 Hastings Law Journal 1131 (1978-9)

Excerpts from My Gender Work= book by Kate Bornstein

            &n= bsp;            = ;             <= /span>Monster Trans by Boots Potential (at www.makezine.org/boots.html)=

Excerpts from Morty DiamondR= 17;s Inside Out: FTM and Beyond

Excerpts from Read My Lips by Riki Wilchins


February 22: Transgender Identi= ties and Medical Regulation


            &n= bsp;          

            &n= bsp;           Cou= rse Reader:

            &n= bsp;            = ;             <= /span>Dwight B. Billings and Thomas Urban, The Socio-Medical Construction of Transsexualism: An Interpretation and Critique, 29 Social Problems 266, 276 (1982)

            &n= bsp;            = ;             <= /span>HBIGDA standards

            &n= bsp;            = ;             <= /span>DSM IV excerpt on Gender Identity Disorder

Sample Birth Certificate Statut= es from Across the US

            &n= bsp;            = ;             <= /span>

            &n= bsp;            = ;    Cases (please view on Westlaw)

            &n= bsp;            = ;             <= /span>Oiler v. Winn-Dixie, No. 00-3114, 2002 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 17417 (E.D. La. 20= 02)

In re Guido, 1 Misc.3d 825, 771 N.Y.S.2d 789 [Civ.Ct., New York County 2003]

        &= nbsp;           &nbs= p;            &= nbsp;    MT v. JT, 355 A.2d 204, 211 (N.J. 1976).


March 1: Is Gender Identity Dis= crimination Disability Discrimination?


            &n= bsp;           Syc= amore: Pages 189-206


            &n= bsp;           Cou= rse Reader:

            &n= bsp;            = ;         Jean Doe v. Bell, 7= 54 N.Y.S.2d 846 (N.Y. Sup. Ct. 2003)<= /p>

        &= nbsp;           &nbs= p;             = Jane Doe v. United States= Postal Service= , 37 F.E.P. Cases 1867, 1985 WL 9446 (D.D.C. 1985)

        &= nbsp;           &nbs= p;             = Adrienne L. Hiegel, “Sexu= al Exclusions: The Americans with Disabilities Act as a Moral Code,” 94 Colum. L. Rev. 1451 (1994) (excerpt)

            &n= bsp;            = ;         Resisting Medicine, Remodeling Gender, by Dean Spade

Excerpts from Eli Clare’s= Exile and Pride: Disability, Queerness, and Liberation

Essay by Nick Gorton, MD about GID as a disease



March 8: Is Gender Identity Discrimination Sex Discrimination?  Is transphobia a feminist issue?


      = ;            &n= bsp;          Course Reader:<= /span>

 &nbs= p;            &= nbsp;           &nbs= p;           Janice Raymond “The Transsexual Empire” (excerpt)        &= nbsp;           &nbs= p;           &= nbsp;

      = ;            &n= bsp;            = ;       Sandy Stone “The Empire Strikes Back” (excerpt)

      = ;            &n= bsp;                  &= nbsp;

      = ;            &n= bsp;         

      = ;            &n= bsp;          Cases (please view on Westlaw)<= span style=3D'mso-bidi-font-weight:bold;mso-bidi-font-style:italic'><= /span>

      = ;            &n= bsp;            = ;       Ulane v. Eastern Airlines, 742 F.2d 1081 (7th Cir.1984)=

        &= nbsp;           &nbs= p;            &= nbsp;    Price Waterhouse v. Hopkins, 490 U.S. 28= 8, 109 S.Ct. 1775 (1989)

      = ;            &n= bsp;         

      = ;            &n= bsp;          In Class Video: “Boy I Am”


Unit II:  The Framing = of “LGBT” Legal Rights Struggles

      = ;    This section will introduce the primary legal issues that have been prioritized = in the current framing of “LGBT” legal rights by the central organizations funded to engage in legal advocacy for the last couple decade= s.  We will explore some of these cent= ral “gay agenda” items, examining the implications for trans people, questioning the reality of “trans inclusion,” and exploring critiques of the priorities of this agenda.


March 15:    “Same-Sex” Marriage and State Regulation of Sexuality, Gender and Family Structure

            &n= bsp;            = ;   

            &n= bsp;            = ;    Sycamore: Pages 87-93

            &n= bsp;            = ;   

            &n= bsp;            = ;    Course Reader:

            &n= bsp;            = ;             <= /span>“Is Gay Marriage Anti-Black?” by Kenyon Farrow

            &n= bsp;              &= nbsp;          “<= st1:PlaceName w:st=3D"on">Washington State Judge Refuses to Let Pregnant Woman Divorce”, Associated Press, Washington, D.C.= , Dec. 2004

            &n= bsp;            = ;             <= /span>Exce= rpts from The Nation Magazine’s Marriage Issue

        &= nbsp;           &nbs= p;            &= nbsp;    “Holy Matrimony!” by Lisa Duggan

        &= nbsp;           &nbs= p;            &= nbsp;    Lambda Legal’s “Leading the Charge for Marriage”

        &= nbsp;           &nbs= p;            &= nbsp;    Ian Barnard, “Fuck Commun= ity or Why I Support Gay Bashing.”


            &n= bsp;            = ;    Cases (please view on Westlaw)

        &= nbsp;           &nbs= p;            &= nbsp;    MT v. JT, 355 A.2= d 204, 205 (N.J. Super. Ct. App. Div. 1976) (previously assigned, review for class= )

        &= nbsp;           &nbs= p;            &= nbsp;    In Re Estate of Gardiner, 273 Kan. 191, 42 P.3d 120 (Kan.2002)

        &= nbsp;           &nbs= p;            &= nbsp;    Littleton v. Pran= ge, 9S.W.3d 223 (Tex. App.-San Anto= nio 1999)

        &= nbsp;           &nbs= p;            &= nbsp;    Goodridge v. Department of Public Health,  2003 WL 22701313 (Mass.2003)<= /o:p>

            &n= bsp;            = ;            &= nbsp;         

            &n= bsp;            = ;    Optional:

Pop Quiz on Transracial and International Adoption by Emi Koyama (http://eminism.org/= readings/adoption-quiz.html)

A Critique of Intercountry Adop= tion by Lee Sam-Dol (h= ttp://www.transracialabductees.org/politics/samdolcritique.html)

Daly v. Daly, 715 P.2d 56 (Nevada 1986)

J.L.S. v. D.K.S., 1997 = Mo. App. LEXIS 377 (March 11, 1997)

            &n= bsp;            = ;         B. v. B., 184 A.2d 609 (N.Y. App. Div. 1992)

            &n= bsp;            = ;         Agai= nst Love, Laura Kipnis (excerpt)

March 22: Sodomy, Decriminalization, and the Limits of Lawrence

            &n= bsp;            = ;   

            &n= bsp;            = ;    Sycamore: Pages 65-71

            &n= bsp;            = ;   

            &n= bsp;            = ;    Course Reader:

            &n= bsp;            = ;             <= /span>Eskridge and Hunter: Pages 42-74, 91-98

            &n= bsp;            = ;             <= /span>“Our Biggest Victory Yet,” Lambda Legal Defense and Education Fund (2004).=

            &n= bsp;            = ;             <= /span>“Freedom in a Regulatory State: Lawrence, Marriage, and Biopolitics,” Spade and Willse.


            &n= bsp;            = ;    Cases (please view on Westlaw)

        &= nbsp;           &nbs= p;            &= nbsp;    Lawrence v. Texas= 539 U.S. 55= 8, 573 (2003)

        &= nbsp;           &nbs= p;            &= nbsp;    Williams v. Attorney General of Alabam= a, 378 F.3d 1232 (11th Cir. 2004= ).



April 5: Queers, Hate Violence,= and Criminal “Justice”        &= nbsp;           &nbs= p;         


            &n= bsp;            = ;    Course Reader:

            &n= bsp;            = ;         Instead of Prisons: A Handbook for Abolitionists (exc= erpts)

            &n= bsp;            = ;         Manning Marable, Racism, Prisons, and the Future of Black America

            &n= bsp;            = ;         Lisa Crooms, "Everywhere There's War": A Racial Realist's Reconsiderat= ion of Hate Crimes Statutes

            &n= bsp;            = ;         Local Law Enforcement Hate Crimes Prevention Act Statement by Mara Keisling<= /o:p>

            &n= bsp;          

            &n= bsp;           Skim these websites before class:

            &n= bsp;            = ;         Human Rights Campaign = http://www.hrc.org/Template.cfm?Section=3DHate_Crimes1&Template=3D/Tagg= edPage/TaggedPageDisplay.cfm&TPLID=3D52&ContentID=3D27964<= /o:p>

            &n= bsp;            = ;         Remembering Our Dead www.rememberingourd= ead.org



April 12:  Gender Expression and Identity in t= he Context of Prisons and Policing  


            &n= bsp;           Syc= amore: Pages 97-112


            &n= bsp;           Cou= rse Reader:

Gendered Crime & Punishment: Strategies to Protect Transgender, Gender Variant & Intersex People in America’s Prisons, Alex= Lee

 “Trapped” in Sing Sing: Transgendered Prisoners Caught in the Gender Binarism by Darren Rosenblum (Optional)

Test= imony from the August 19, 2005 Prison Rape Elimination Commission Hearing

        &= nbsp;           &nbs= p;        <= /p>

        &= nbsp;           &nbs= p;        Cases (please view on Westlaw)<= o:p>

Farmer v. Brennan, 511 U.S= . 825 (1994)

Lucrecia v. Samples, 1995 WL 630016 (N.D= . Cal. Oct. 16, 1995)

Powell v. Schriver, = 175 F.3d 107, 115 (= 2d Cir. 1999)=


April 19: Social Welfare, Sex Segregation, and Transgender Survival  


            &n= bsp;           Syc= amore: Pages 13-22


            &n= bsp;         &= nbsp; Course Reader:

Why Welfare is a Queer Issue, Transcript of Panel

Dean Spade, “Compliance is Gendered: Transgender Survival and Social Welfare.”

San Francisco Policy on Transgender Shelter Placement

            &n= bsp;            = ;             <= /span>NYC CHR Compliance Guidelines for Local Law 3

            &n= bsp;            = ;   

            &n= bsp;            = ;    Cases (please view on Westlaw)<= i>

J.D. v. Lackner, 80 Cal.App.3d 64 (CalApp. 1 Dist.1978)

Smith v. Rasmussen,<= span style=3D'font-family:"Lucida Sans Unicode";mso-bidi-font-style:italic'> 249 F.3d 755 (8th Cir. 2001)

Hispanic Aids Forum v. Bruno, 16 A.D.3d 294, 295, 792 N.Y.S.2d 43 (2005)


        &= nbsp;           &nbs= p;        In Class Video: “Toilet Training: Law and Order in the Bathroom”


        &= nbsp;           &nbs= p;        Optional Reading= :

        &= nbsp;           &nbs= p;            &= nbsp;    Roderick A. Ferguson, Aberra= tions in Black: Toward a Queer of Color Critique, Pages 31-53.


April 26: Gender Outsiders and Surveillance Culture 


            &n= bsp;           Cou= rse Reader:

Excerpts from Christian Parenti’s The Soft Cage

Advo= cacy Materials about Real ID Act

Samp= le Sex Designation Change Policies, including SSA, Birth Certificate Statutes, DMV’s, Passport

Mate= rials from the “Stop the Suspensions” Campaign

Inte= roffice Memorandum from William Yates, CIS, regarding applications filed by transge= nder individuals


            &n= bsp;            = ;    In Re Jose Mauricio Lovo-Lara (please find at http://www.usdoj.gov/eoir/vll/intdec/vol23/3512%20.pdf)


        &= nbsp;           &nbs= p;       


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